Are there any drug interactions with prednisone? Yes. Drug interactions are when two drugs are taken with each other and within the body changes happen that can cause problems. Find out which drugs to look out for to avoid taking with prednisone.
At the end, I share five ways to help avoid side effects from drug-drug interactions.
Frequently Asked Questions About Prednisone Drug Interactions
Can I Take Ibuprofen With Prednisone? Or Advil With Prednisone? What about Naproxen and Prednisone? Or Meloxicam with Prednisone?
Yes and No. If you can avoid taking ibuprofen with prednisone, that’s the safest option. To summarize, prednisone has a drug interaction with ibuprofen. Since both are anti-inflammatories, taking both prednisone and ibuprofen (or naproxen) increases your risk of certain side effects. Ibuprofen is the active ingredient in Advil and Motrin. Only take prednisone and ibuprofen together after discussing with your doctor or pharmacist. To understand this drug interaction better, scroll down to the section below about “side effects caused by drug interactions.”
I accidentally took Ibuprofen with Prednisone. What should I do?
Taking ibuprofen with prednisone one time is probably not a big deal. It’s the long-term combination of ibuprofen and prednisone with higher risks as noted above.
One possible way to minimize the risk of this drug interaction is to take an over-the-counter medication called a PPI to help minimize the GI upset. Proton Pump Inhibitors, or PPIs, such as omeprazole (Prilosec), pantoprazole (Protonix), or lansoprazole (Prevacid) may help protect the gut lining when prednisone and ibuprofen are taken together.
Watch this video clip interview question of me to explain more!
Can I Take Ibuprofen 24 Hours After Prednisone?
Probably yes. Since prednisone is completely out of your system after 24 hours, theoretically the drug interaction is minimized by waiting 24 hours after your last dose of prednisone to take ibuprofen.
Can you take prednisone and ibuprofen in the same day?
Yes and No. It’s best to avoid this combination if possible. As noted above, this is a drug interaction and should be discussed with your doctor or pharmacist.
How Long After Taking Prednisone Can I Take Naproxen (Aleve)?
Generally one day after your last dose of prednisone you can take naproxen. Since prednisone is completely out of your system in about a day, the drug interaction is minimized by waiting 24 hours after your last dose of prednisone to take naproxen.
Can I Take Tylenol With Prednisone?
Yes, Tylenol is generally safe along with prednisone. Tylenol is also known as acetaminophen or paracetamol and is not an NSAID, so it does not work in the same way as those other drugs, above, that cause a significant drug interaction. Tylenol has a daily limit that is considered safe, so do not take more than is needed. Be sure that the product you choose has only acetaminophen in it, and is not a combination product like Tylenol PM, Tylenol Cold & Flu, etc. as those other ingredients in there may cause a different drug or disease interaction. Also avoid taking additional combination cold and flu products as they may have hidden acetaminophen in them, causing you to inadvertently take too much Tylenol.
Learn more about with over-the-counter medications have drug interactions with prednisone in the video below. I will cover which drugs are a problem; which drugs have a drug interaction with prednisone.
Find out what the best strategy is for you when it comes to taking over-the-counter pain medications along with prednisone.
How to Minimize Drug-Drug Interactions to Decrease Prednisone Side Effects
First of all, prednisone is an amazing drug! It can do miraculous things, but in order to do its job, it has to go through your body. One of the things that happens is your liver has to break the drug molecule down from prednisone, into prednisolone.
That means your body is using your liver to make this drug work for you. That’s how the drug interactions happen because prednisone is being broken down by the liver.
We have to be careful with other drugs that are broken down by the liver because they might be broken down in the same way.
Prednisone Drug Interaction List:
- Ketoconazole and Troleandomycin
- Anticoagulants like Warfarin (Coumadin)
- NSAIDs: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Anti-seizure drugs Phenobarbital, Phenytoin
There are many other potential drug interactions you can discuss with your doctor or pharmacist, but the list above includes the clinically significant drug interactions in the FDA-approved package insert for prednisone.
Drug Interactions with Prednisone
First of all, we have drugs that are broken down by the liver. So ketoconazole, it’s an antifungal drug. If you’re having a terrible fungal infection and you’re on prednisone, then taking both of these medications together is a drug interaction.
- Anticoagulants like warfarin.
Prednisone can make your INR, the clotting numbers, go up or down. That means prednisone can cause a higher bleeding risk or a blood clotting risk. Things like that can happen because both prednisone and warfarin are broken down by your liver.
What about other side effects that could be caused by a drug interaction?
So one of the side effects I was always taught in pharmacy school that pharmacists should always warn people on prednisone about:
“You should always tell people to take prednisone with food, to stop the peptic ulcer issues.”
Well, guess what, they’ve recently discovered that the taking-it-with-food-thing didn’t really matter. Not as much as–guess what?–not taking the prednisone with certain drugs. Do you know which drugs those were? Taking prednisone with other anti-inflammatories.
- NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) like Ibuprofen with Prednisone
The real problem does not come from taking prednisone on an empty stomach. The problem causing the peptic ulcers is actually a drug interaction between prednisone and other anti-inflammatory medications.
Prednisone is an anti-inflammatory and there are other drugs called NSAIDs, Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs. Both prednisone and NSAIDs help with inflammation. Specific NSAIDs include ibuprofen (which is also known as Advil or Motrin), celecoxib (which is also known as Celebrex), naproxen (Aleve), piroxicam, and meloxicam.
Those are all drugs that cause your GI tract to have problems. The combination of prednisone and these other anti-inflammatory drugs is just too much. Essentially, they are both working in the same pathway. According to UpToDate, it says,
“Using prednisone along with NSAIDs means you have a two-fold increased risk of a side effect in your GI tract.”
When you’re taking NSAIDs with prednisone, this statement is compared to people who just use NSAIDs alone. So basically that’s saying:
“You have a two times greater risk of having problems somewhere between your mouth and the other end (anus), if you’re using prednisone with NSAIDs like ibuprofen.
This is compared to if you only use ibuprofen without prednisone. Then here’s the real killer:
“The use of NSAIDs plus prednisone or other glucocorticoids is associated with a four-fold increased risk of side effects in the GI tract compared with not using either drug.”
Comparing a person taking zero anti-inflammatories to a person taking prednisone + ibuprofen, the person on both drugs has a four times (4x) greater risk. If they use prednisone and ibuprofen together, or prednisone and Celebrex or prednisone and meloxicam or whichever NSAID it is.
- Aspirin and Prednisone
That’s true for aspirin too. The levels of aspirin go up when you take aspirin plus prednisone, which can lead to increased risks for GI bleeding. So you have to be really careful with prednisone and aspirin. If you are prescribed prednisone, then you need to talk to your doctor about whether or not to continue aspirin. The package insert for prednisone says this about aspirin:
“Corticosteroids may increase the clearance of chronic high dose aspirin. This could lead to decreased salicylate serum levels or increase the risk of salicylate toxicity when corticosteroid is withdrawn. Aspirin should be used cautiously in conjunction with corticosteroids in patients suffering from hypoprothrombinemia.”
What can I take for pain with prednisone?
Tylenol, also known as acetaminophen, is the best over-the-counter option for people on prednisone. You should avoid ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin if possible.
Watch this video to learn more about what I recommend for pain with prednisone:
What can I use in lieu of aspirin or ibuprofen to keep my joints loose?
Another option is diclofenac gel, also known as Voltaren gel. It comes in a tube and you rub it on your affected joints, such as wrist, hands, elbows, knees, and ankles.
Even though it’s an NSAID like ibuprofen, since you’re rubbing it on your skin instead of taking it by mouth, it causes less side effects. Avoiding the gut leads to less gut side effects.
The only thing is that you have to use quite a bit of gel to have it work. The tube comes with a ruler to measure your dose and you have to rub it in for a while to make sure you have enough. Since it only lasts for 4-6 hours, you have to use it multiple times per day. Diclofenac gel is a great alternative for people on prednisone with joint pain.
Herbs or Supplements that Interact with Prednisone:
- St. John’s Wort
- Activated Charcoal
I also wanted to give you a little bonus here that I didn’t mention. So did you know that food is medicine? That means herbs are medicine and vitamins are medicine. All of those things you put in your mouth that affect your health, they are medicine.
So we need to be careful, too, with herbs and things like that, which we take along with prednisone.
St. John’s Wort + Prednisone Drug Interaction
One of the things we need to be careful with is St. John’s wort. I could see somebody feeling depressed after taking prednisone and taking St. John’s wort to cope. And that would be a terrible idea!
That is a major drug interaction. St. John’s wort changes your liver, making it break down prednisone faster than usual. That means the prednisone dose will not be enough anymore. Do not ever take St. John’s wort with prednisone.
Licorice + Prednisone Drug Interaction
Other things that can affect prednisone include alfalfa and licorice.
I can see licorice happening quite a bit because a lot of people think, “Oh, prednisone is depleting my adrenals. So let me give myself an adrenal support supplement.” Unfortunately, licorice is one of the main ingredients in adrenal support supplements.
Basically prednisone and licorice are counteracting each other. So you just don’t want to start licorice when you’re on high-dose prednisone if you need prednisone to do its job. The combination of licorice and prednisone might increase the side effects of prednisone. A few case reports show that the combination “increases the duration of activity and increases the blood levels of corticosteroids.”
The jury is still out on whether you can do licorice later on while on lower doses of prednisone.
Can I take Ashwagandha with Prednisone?
This is a tricky one. Ashwagandha may stimulate your immune system. Prednisone is often used for its ability suppress the immune system. So if that’s why your doctor is prescribing prednisone, for an autoimmune condition, then ashwagandha may be fighting against prednisone. It’s probably best to avoid this combination.
Can I take Turmeric with Prednisone?
There is a possible drug interaction between turmeric and prednisone. Turmeric may increase the drug levels of prednisone in the body, since it blocks the liver enzyme CYP3A4.
Can I take Melatonin with Prednisone?
It is generally safe to take melatonin with prednisone. Check out my full article all about melatonin and prednisone.
Can I take Berberine, the “weight loss supplement” with Prednisone?
Yes, it should be fine for most people. Check out my full article all about berberine and prednisone.
What about Cannabis with Prednisone? Is there a drug interaction?
This is a complicated combination. There may be a drug interaction but the nuances are important. Check out this explanation by a specialized cannabis pharmacist.
5 Ways to Minimize Side Effects Caused by Prednisone Drug-Drug Interactions
I promised the five tips, the five ways to minimize prednisone side effects by coping with drug interactions.
So first of all is timing. Now the timing would be to not take certain things at the same time as other drugs. So for example, everybody on prednisone should be taking calcium and vitamin D, but calcium can interact with a lot of things because it’s an ion. Calcium has two little plus signs (+) next to it in the chemical name. That means it will bind other drugs.
Calcium will make it so that the other drugs are blocked so that your body doesn’t even absorb them. The calcium will just go in there and muck up the other drug so it doesn’t work. That’s why calcium should not ever be taken at the same time as thyroid medicines such as levothyroxine.
Another example is taking levothyroxine with iron because they’ll block each other. Iron is also shown as Fe+++ as a chemical name. Iron and levothyroxine will just get in the way of each other’s absorption, which is another reason you never want to take a multivitamin that has calcium and iron in it, because they’re just blocking each other’s absorption.
So the timing would be take the calcium differently from the thyroid medication like levothyroxine. You could like give at least half an hour, if not an hour in between.
Just to be clear, there’s not really a problem with taking your prednisone with your thyroid medication. They should be fine together since they’re both taken first thing in the morning.
2. Stop taking less-needed medication
The second one is to stop taking the drug that is less needed. So going back to our example of taking ibuprofen with prednisone, since they are doing that very similar things, they’re both, anti-inflammatory, they’re both pretty much giving you pain relief from like joint pain and things like, like that, then consider stopping the ibuprofen while you’re on prednisone.
That’s a possibility. Be sure to talk to your doctor before you stop any drug, but that’s one way to cope. These principles are true with other side effects with other medications as well. Other drugs that you’re taking, you can stop the one that’s less important after talking to your doctor.
You can go through your medications with your pharmacist or your doctor to decide which are the very most important, and which ones you can stop. We call that de-prescribing.
3. Switch to drug metabolized differently
The third way to decrease drug interactions is to switch to a drug metabolized differently. Earlier I mentioned that the prednisone molecule goes through your body and then has to be activated by your liver. So if you are on other drugs that are using the liver to break them down, then you can switch to something that maybe is broken down by your kidney instead of your liver.
So for example, there’s a whole bunch of drugs for depression. Like there’s a whole class of drugs and they’re all very similar. They all work almost the exact same way, but some of them are broken down by different parts of the body.
And so if you use one that is broken down by a certain enzyme in the liver, instead of one that’s broken back down by another, that’s one way to cope. And then back to prednisone itself, one way to cope with timing and switching to another timeframe is using the drug Rayos. That’s an extended-release version of prednisone.
People who have things like rheumatoid arthritis can take Rayos at bedtime. The idea is that the prednisone is released slowly over the night so that when they wake up first thing in the morning that the prednisone has already kicked in. At the time of day when they’re having their very worst symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis that the Rayos has kicked in and is knocking those symptoms away for them.
So that’s another strategy you can use is changing the timing, by changing the drug metabolism.
4. Lower Dose
Number four, if you have to use prednisone with ketoconazole. Ketoconazole is blocking the breaking down of prednisone. So that means there is more prednisone molecules drugs floating around in your body.
So what should we do? We should lower the dose of prednisone because there’s more floating around, less breaking down. So that’s what we should do when someone has a fungal infection and we need to give ketoconazole with prednisone.
5. Raise Dose
The opposite here is to raise the dose with other drugs that have an interaction with prednisone, things like phenobarbital, phenytoin, and rifampin. They are classic drug interactions, drugs that increased the rate that prednisone is broken down. They make the liver work faster and that’s not necessarily a good thing.
These drugs are used for seizures. People may need more prednisone who have an anti-seizure need.
5 Ways to Avoid Drug Interactions
To summarize, the ideas I shared to avoid drug interactions were to:
1) change the timing,
2) discontinue the drug that’s not needed,
3) to switch to a drug that’s metabolized differently,
4) lower the dose of the prednisone, or
5) to raise the dose of the prednisone.
If you have questions about this, you should talk to your doctor and your pharmacist. They can help you troubleshoot this. They have the skills, especially your pharmacist, to optimize your medication therapy so that you can minimize the side effects and feel better.
And if you need any more tips about prednisone, I have a prednisone wellness checklist, and you can get it at the link below!
Free Prednisone Checklist
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